Gaya

GAYA is the district in Indian state of Bihar. It is a city of ancient historical and mythological significance. It is one of the major tourist attractions of Bihar. Situated on the banks of the Phalgu River, it is a place sanctified by the Jain, Hindu, Islam and Buddhist religions. It is surrounded by small rocky hills by three sides and the river flowing on the fourth (eastern) side. The city has a mix of natural surroundings, age old buildings, green areas and narrow bylanes. GAYA finds mention in the great epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata. Rama along with Sita and Lakshmana visited GAYA. In Mahabharata, the place has been identified as Gayapuri.

Bodh GAYA which is located in GAYA is one of the most famous place to visit. It is one of the most important and sacred Buddhist pilgrimage center in the world. It was here under a banyan tree, the Bodhi Tree; Gautama attained supreme knowledge to become Buddha, the Enlightened One.

 

Following are some most famous pages to visit gya;

  1. Vishnupad Temple
  2. Mahabodhi Temple
  3. Great Buddha Statue
  4. Bodhi Tree
  5. Thai Monastery
  6. Royal Bhutan Monastery
  7. Brahmayoni Temple
  8. Muchalinda Lake
  9. Chinese Temple
  10. Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple
  11. Vietnamese Temple
  12. Kundan Bazaar
  13. Cankamana
  14. Barabar Caves
  15. Bodhgaya Archaeological Museum
  16. Dungeshwari Cave Temples
  17. Mangala Gauri Temple

Vishnupad Temple

Located on Falgu River banks, Vishnupad temple is considered to be constructed on Lord Vishnu's footprints and hence the name. This ancient temple was reconstructed in the year 1787 by Indore's queen Rani Ahilya Bai. The footprint is 40 cms in length. The huge temple complex displays images of various gods and goddesses. Temple for Lord Nrisimha is found in the courtyard of Vishnupad temple. A special feature of this temple is that its eastern side is dedicated to god Shiva. ...Read more>>

Mahabodhi Temple

Mahabodhi Temple stands tall and proud portraying the architectural splendor of the past. Standing on a 48 square feet tall basement, the structure resembles a pyramid but for its cylindrical top. Belonging to the 7th century, the temple was reconstructed in 1880 and has since had many facelifts. Though the main deity is Lord Buddha, the temple promotes tolerance towards other religions. The Chatras built at the top of Mahabodhi temple preach sovereignty of religion. Apart from followers of Buddhism, Hindu devotees too consider this site important to them, as they consider Buddha as the ninth incarnation of god Vishnu. A 9th century Shivalingam is also found in the temple. ...Read more>>

Great Buddha Statue

25 meters tall, it is by far the largest and the first Buddha statue ever built in India. Owing to its huge size, it is quite a star-catcher with not just the pilgrims but every tourist in Bodh GAYA. Located right next to the Mahabodhi Temple, this statue was unveiled in the year 1989 by His Holiness Dalai Lama. Bordered by 10 smaller sculptures of Buddha’s disciples in the passageway leading to the Great Buddha Statue, the entire visual is a breathtaking sight. Opening Closing Time 7 am to 12 noon and 2 pm to 6 pm Entrance Fee Free Entry ...Read more>>

Bodhi Tree

Bodhi Tree, believed to be the place where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, is one of the chief revered locations in Bodh GAYA. Located south of the Mahabodhi Temple, the existing tree is of fifth generation of original Bodhi Tree. Around 80 ft in height, the tree is approximately 115 years old. Under the tree, there is a stone platform on which it is believed that Lord Buddha sat in meditation gazing in the east direction. According to a popular belief, there is a myth behind the uprooted original Bodhi tree. It is said that the wife of Emperor Ashoka destroyed the actual tree. She did this as a result of jealously as Ashoka used to devote too much time on the Bodhi Tree. However, as the time passed another Bodhi Tree was planted at the same spot by planting its sapling which was bought from Sri Lanka. According to the chronicle...Read more>>

Thai Monastery

The only Thai temple to be located in India was built in the year 1956 by Thailand Monarch following the request from the then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru. The temple is a fine specimen of Thai architecture. The amazing construction with a sloping roof that is curved is a visual delight to those with architectural eye. The golden tiles over the roof look brilliant in sunlight. The serene atmosphere inside the temple and outside the monastery takes your mind to a different world. Statue of Buddha inside the temple is made of bronze. A statue of Buddha measuring 25 meter in height enhances the magic of the beautiful garden near the temple and the monastery. ...Read more>>

Royal Bhutan Monastery

Yet another monastery in GAYA, Royal Bhutan Monastery appeals to the followers of Buddhism with its wonderful depictions of the life of Buddha. Bhutan kind constructed this monastery, which ranks amongst the majestic monasteries in the land. The influence of conventional architecture strikes you the moment you set your eyes on the monastery. It houses a beautiful temple in which you can find 7 feet tall Buddha statue. The serene atmosphere makes it a wonderful place to meditate. GAYA is an amazing place to be on a holiday. Beliefs apart, the place is rich in natural beauty and architectural splendor. The land may be influenced by a couple of religions but the message of tolerance towards other religions is loud and clear. Your visit to the land with a rich cultural past will leave you with memories to cherish for many years to come. ...Read more>>

Brahmayoni Temple

Devotees who wish to visit this temple must go through a grueling climb of 424 high stone steps to reach the top of the hill, atop which lies this temple. Two caves namely Brahmayoni and Matreoni are also situated on the hill along with an ancient temple of Astabhujadevi. Brahmayoni hill was the place where Buddha preached the fire-sermon to a thousand former fire worshipping ascetics and it is said that each ascetic became enlightened after hearing his teachings. ...Read more>>

Muchalinda Lake

Muchalinda Lake, associated with mythological tales, is one of the most famous sightseeing locations in Bodh GAYA. This lake is situated on the right of the main temple and also features a sculpture of hood protecting Lord Buddha, placed right at the centre of lake. The deity of Lord Buddha present at this lake is shown meditating on a snake coil. As per Hindu mythology, Lord Buddha was the ninth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. According to a popular belief, it is said that in the sixth week when Lord Buddha was meditating near the lake, a strong storm broke out. At this time, when the storm broke out, Lord Buddha was protected by Sheshnaag or the Snake King Muchalinda from the disrupting waves. ...Read more>>

Chinese Temple

Chinese Temple, located in the vicinity of the Bodhi temple, is a beautiful Buddha temple erected by Chinese Buddhist monks. Decorated with Chinese designs, the exteriors of this temple reflect the Chinese architecture. The Buddha statue instated at this temple dates back to around 200 years, which is believed to have been brought from China. Housing three golden statues of Lord Buddha, this temple was renovated in 1997. In addition, tourists visiting the temple can preview the detailed and vivid travelogues. These travelogues have been written by several Chinese scholars, who travelled to India in search of knowledge and spirituality. ...Read more>>

Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple

Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple, located at a distance of 15 km from the heart of the city, is one of the most famous temples of Bodh GAYA. Carved with Buddhist preaching, the temple reflects Japanese architecture and is beautifully carved out of wood. Constructed in 1972, this shrine is among one of the most frequented shrines of the region. In addition, the temple also houses a gallery, which has Japanese paintings that reveal some of the most notable events from the life of Gautam Buddha. Moreover, in order to preserve and spread Buddhism and preaching given by Lord Buddha, several projects have been initiated by this shrine. For these projects, the Japanese Government along with several other people has provided funds to the temple. ...Read more>>

Vietnamese Temple

Funded and erected by the Vietnam Government, the Vietnamese Temple was constructed to promote Buddhism in the year 2002. The Avalokiteswara statue is that of a peaceful Buddha and is mounted inside the temple and paints a serene picture as you enter the temple premises. Since it was recently built, you will find state-of-the-art architectural techniques reflecting in this magnificent shrine. The sprawling gardens that surround the shrine are also a must visit while you are here. Opening Closing Time 7am to 7pm Entrance Fee No Entry Fee ...Read more>>

Kundan Bazaar

Kundan Bazaar is not a marketplace but a small shop that is located inside the very famous Kundan Bazaar Guest House. The place is a small bookshop that sells books related to Buddhism, souvenirs, clothing, gift articles and Lord Buddha statues. The shop can be reached within 5 minutes by bicycle. A person who’s interested in reading books about religion will be a happy soul here. They goods sold here are reasonably priced, but one can bargain to get some more discount. The shop has gained more publicity due to the reviews shared by tourists regarding the place. ...Read more>>

Cankamana

A part of the Mahabodhi Temple, it is one of the most sacred shrines in Bodhgaya. Located towards the northern side of the temple lies the pathway which was used by Buddha during Buddha’s third week of meditation. It was at this spot that he practiced walking meditation which is also called Cankamana. Surrounding the temple are the spots where he walked and his footsteps have been carved into lotuses (made in black stone). You would often see many monks who chant in the praise of Buddha close to the pathway creating a soothing atmosphere. Opening Closing Time 7 am to 7 pm (Daily) Entrance Fee Free Entry; Camera: INR 20; Video: INR 300 ...Read more>>

Barabar Caves

An excellent spot that reaches out to the hearts of those who love anything ancient, Barabar Caves date back to Mauryan era that span between 322 BC and 185 BC. They proudly hold the top rank of being the most ancient surviving rock-cut caves in the land. Four caves comprise Barabar caves out of which the most fascinating caves are Lomas Rishi caves. Its construction shares similarity to wooden huts, which were home to Buddhist monks. Lomas Rishi caves are the oldest of all rock-cut caves as well and they influenced many to come in the following centuries. The Hindu sculptures and Jain sculptures found in the caves date back to 273 BC to 232 BC. The inscriptions on the walls depict the history and growth of Buddhism. The special feature of these caves is that their cuttings are so wonderfully sharp that they draw parallels to the laser...Read more>>

Bodhgaya Archaeological Museum

Established in the year 1956, Bodhgaya Archaeological Museum is home to several relics unearthed from this part of the world. Some of the rare collections include sculptures belonging to 1st century BC, antiques and images of Hindu deities and Buddha made of various metals including gold, silver and bronze. ...Read more>>

Dungeshwari Cave Temples

Referred to as Mahakala caves, Dungeshwari Cave temples gain spiritual importance as Buddha spent many years here before he headed towards GAYA and enlightenment. If you are looking to see something interesting inside the caves, may be you will end up being disappointed. On the contrary, if you are looking to see inside you in a soul-searching attempt, this could be the right place. It is a great destination to meditate in a serene atmosphere. ...Read more>>

Mangala Gauri Temple

It is a very old temple built in the 15th century. We have to climb up a small hillock to reach the temple. The steps route is in between houses of local people. At the starting of steps route, there is a temple of Bhima (One of Five Pandavas). We can see his knee impression here. Here Bhima did Shraddhakarma, hence called as Bhimvedi GAYA. After climbing around 200 steps we will reach Mangala Gowri temple campus. There are several temples in that campus. Lord Ganesh temple, Lord Shiva temple and a very old temple of Lord Janardhan Swamy, Kali Maa temple, Breast fell place present in the campus. A Bilwa tree also present in that temple. Ganesh temple present in front of main temple. Beside that Lord Shiva temple also present. We can do pradakshina to temple. In the backside of temple, adjacent to temple wall there is a sacred place ...Read more>>

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