Heritage


Ram Nagar Fort

The “Ramnagar Fort” is a fortification in Ramnagar, Varanasi, India. It is located near the Ganga River on its eastern bank, opposite to the Tulsi Ghat. The sandstone structure was built in the Mughal style in 1750 by Kashi Naresh Raja Balwant Singh. It has been the home of Kashi Naresh  since the eighteenth century. The current king and the resident of the fort is Pelu bhiru Singh, who is also known as the Maharaja of Varanasi even though this royal title has been abolished since 1971. The fort is at a scenic location on the eastern right bank of the Ganges River, opposite to the Varanasi Ghats. It is 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from Varanasi and 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from the Benares Hindu University by pontoon. The pontoon bridge, which provides access to the fort, has rickety planks. During the monsoon season, the fort ...Read more>>

Alamgir Mosque

History: It is also known as Beni Madhav ka Darera and Aurangzeb's Mosque. Its a beautiful mosque. Emperor Aurangzeb had captured Banaras in 17th century it caters to the city’s 250,000 Muslims comprising 29.7 percent of its population and built a mosque and named it as Alamagir Mosque in the name of his own honorific title "Alamgir", which he had adopted after becoming the emperor of the Mughal empire.   Features: The mosque is architecturally a blend of Islamic and Hindu architecture. Yet, perched atop Panchganga Ghat by the holy River Ganges, where five streams are said to join, is a lovely functioning mosque—Alamgir Mosque. It is also the largest structure on the ghats. Alamgir Mosque stands perpendicular to the ghats unlike the other buildings which line the river. This was to ensure it w...Read more>>

Sarnath

The Great Teacher Buddha spent the rainy season in “Sarnath” at the Mulagandhakuti vihara. Buddhism flourished in Sarnath as part because of the support of kings and wealthy merchants based in nearby Varanasi. By the 3rd century Sarnath had become an important center for the arts, which reached its zenith during the Gupta period (4th-6th century AD). When Hsuan Tsang visited from China in the 7th century, he found 30 monasteries and 3000 monks living at Sarnath. Sarnath became a major center of the Sammatiya school of Buddhism, one of the Nikaya or Hinayana schools. The presence of images of Heruka and Tara indicate that Vajrayana Buddhism was also practiced here. In 12th century's end Sarnath was sacked by Turkish Muslims. Long ago after attaining the enlightenment at Bodhgaya, Lord Buddha went to Sarnath. In Sarnath, the...Read more>>

Dhamek Stupa

“Dhamek stupa” which is 34 metres high stands as a remarkable structure containing the remains of Lord Buddha. This stupa is now graceful and pleasant, one can breathe the spirit of the enlightened one, and it glows with the devotion of the many followers who inhabited it through the centuries that followed. “Dhamek Stupa” is built with mix partly of stone and partly brick. The lower part of stone face is beautified with delicate floral carvings of Gupta period. ...Read more>>

Choukhandi Stupa

“Choukhandi Stupa” was built in 1555 A.D. by Mughal Emperor Akbar and is believed to be the place where Lord Buddha met his five disciples. The magnificent and marvelous “Ashoka Pillar” states the visit of emperor Ashoka to Sarnath. Originally the stupa was adorned by a capital of four lions, now housed in the Sarnath museum. Then the capital became the state emblem of modern India. ...Read more>>

Mulgandha Kuti Vihara

Mulgandha Kuti Vihara was built in 1930 and is a Tibetan Buddhist shrine which treasures sacred antiques from various places and even the golden statue of Buddha. The Stupa is adorned with fantastic frescoes by Japanese artist, Kosetsu Nosu. This place also has few Chinese and Jain temples. The 'Bodhi' tree growing within the campus is believed to be the offspring of one under which Buddha had attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya. ...Read more>>

Ashoka Pillar

This pillar was erected by the “Emperor Ashoka”. The pillar had his edict engraved on it. This stupa is about 15.24 m in height and had four lions as its capital which is now treasured in the archaeology museum. The lion symbolises both Ashoka's imperial rule and the kingship of the Buddha. The four-lion capital was adopted as the emblem of the modern Indian Republic. ...Read more>>

Sarnath Museum

Sarnath yielded a rich collection of sculptures comprising numerous Buddha and Bodhisattva images. Considered amongst the finest specimens of Buddhist art, these have been housed at the museum, adjacent to the site. The museum is open from 10 am to 5 pm, and closed on Fridays. Apart from the above the other objects of interest at Sarnath are the Dharmrajika Stup, magnificent Lion capital, India's National Emblem at “Sarnath Museum”, the Saddharmachakra Vihar's at excavated ruins. The museum exhibits a magnificent statue of the Buddha turning the wheel of law, and many other excavations that exhibit the flowering of the Indian Plastic arts. ...Read more>>

Bodhi Tree

The sapling of the “Bodhi Tree” was brought from the famous tree in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, which in turn originated from the original tree at Bodhgaya, under which the Lord Buddha attained enlightenment about 2,500 years ago. ...Read more>>

Chunar Fort

The “Chunar Fort” (also known as Chandrakanta Chunargarh and Charanadri) is located in Mirzapur district of Uttar Pradesh, in India. Along with Chunar town, situated below the fort, the two are historic places with common history and legends. It is located 14 miles (23 km) south west of Varanasi. The southeastern part of the fort is on the rocky bank of the Ganges River. The fort's history spans from 56 BC and then between Afghan decedent Sher Shah Suri's (1532) rule, the Mughal Empire rule (Humayun, Akbar and many others including Nawab of Awadh) up to 1772, and finally the British Raj up to 1947 till India gained independence. Chunar railway station is on the Mughalsarai-Kanpur section of Howrah-Delhi main line. There are many legends linking the fort to divine aspects. One such is the story of King Bali. God, kno...Read more>>

Jantar Mantar

The “Jantar Mantar” observatory, constructed in 1737, is located above the ghats along the Ganges, and is adjacent to the Manmandir and Dasaswamedh Ghats and near the palace of Jai Singh II of Jaipur. While less equipped than the observatories at Jaipur and Delhi, the Jantar Mantar has a unique equatorial sundial which is functional and allows measurements to be monitored and recorded by one person. ...Read more>>

Lolark Kund

Lolark Kund is one of the oldest sacred sites of Varanasi. It is a rectangular tank of 15m height from below the ground level. The word Lolark means 'trembling Sun.' It denotes the wavering image of Lord Surya, the Sun God, in the water of the tank. A flight of steep steps has been built for approaching the tank. Many religious festivals are celebrated here. Thousands of devotees come here during the festival of Lolark Shasthi to worship the Sun God.   Significance of Lolark Kund in Varanasi: Lolark Kund has been given much importance because of the presence of Lolark Aditya. It is said that taking bath in Lolark teerth now known as Lolark kund or performing religious pooja etc, is regarded very valuable and has many positive effects for the devotees. Many important days are celebrated in Lolark Kund by the devotees....Read more>>

Bharat Kala Bhavan

Varanasi or Benaras situated on the banks of River Ganges in Uttar Pradesh is one of the most important Hindu pilgrimage centers. We can find references of this ancient city in the Vedas. Many temples sprawls throughout the length and breath of the city. The ghat in the city still carries that old world charm. Narrow lanes, crowded streets, people performing yagnas in the Ghats while taking a dip in the holy river, road side shops selling knick knacks are some of the characteristic feature of this city. The regions near the Ghats are extremely populated and house some of the renowned Hindu temples. Each of the Ghats here has a story behind it like Dasaswamedh Ghat is where Lord Brahma is supposed to have sacrificed 10 horses in a yajna. Check out the many Museums in Varanasi to understand the true implication of the city. Bharat Kala Bhav...Read more>>

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